In other words how does an author make genres that have been written over and over interesting again? We all know, every genre has been produced, millions of plots and characters have been portrayed. Every story, however, has not. Russian Formalist, Victor Shklovsky explained in his “Art as technique” writers make an ordinary genre, story, character… original, UNIQUE by simply defamiliarizing it( reinventing it through creating the strange). For instance, a character who looks out in the city, and instead of perceiving it as it is(buildings, vehicles, roads) she perceives it as part of nature. William Wordsworth’s “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” poem is an excellent example of defamiliarization, and Cleanth Brook’s paradoxical theory, which I find closely related to Russian Formalism.
Interesting video concerning defamilarization below and William Wordsworth’s Composed Upon Westminster Bridge.
Wordsworth, William. “Composed upon Westminster Bridge.” Poetry Foundation. N.p. 3 Sept. 1802. Web. 17 June 2013. http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/174783.