Marxism in Literature.

Marxism- “a theory and practice of socialism including the labor theory of value, dialectical materialism, the class struggle, and dictatorship of the proletariat until the establishment of a classless society.”

Marxism is displayed in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. I think the work is a connection between the Victorian values and the ideals of modernism. In Africa, however, the story might be categorized as a colonial literature. The difference between the imperial enterprise of the Europeans and the Congo and its inhabitants is obvious. But the vastness of the dark forest makes the Europeans seem rather minuscule. There is an obvious divide between two classes: the rich capitalist class and the poor subjugated class or the working class.

Conrad seems to view the subjugated class (natives) as being at the mercy of the capitalist class, which is symbolized by Kurtz and his army. They had an excess amount of money to spend, and practically own the capital. From Marlow’s narration, we learn that his hands are plump. The distribution of workers and wealthy people isn’t limited to Europeans verses the natives, as other Europeans were also poor and over worked.

 Another form of Marxism I noticed in the Heart of Darkness was contrast in education between the natives and Europeans. There was never any provision in the native’s education. So, they suffer from both physical and mental deprivation. This deficiency in education prevents them from successfully communicating with the rich and educated Europeans (another gap between the rich and the poor in this novella). In conclusion, the imperialism the Europeans sought to contribute the redevelopment of Africa’s civilization in the Congo was merely a deception. It was easy to deceive people without the knowledge of European education. In other words, the Europeans slick talked the natives with their schooling.

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